Athens

   Celebrated ancient city on the plain of Attica in east-central Greece (q.v.). It declined in the Byzantine era, beginning in 267 with a raid of barbarian Heruls that did great damage to the city. More damage occurred when Alaric (q.v.) occupied the city briefly in 396. Nevertheless, Athens remained a center of learning, where great minds like Julian, Basil the Great, and Gregory Nazianzos (qq.v.) studied. In the fifth century Athenais-Eudokia (q.v.), the daughter of a pagan philosopher from Athens, was chosen as bride for Theodosios II (q.v.). The closing of the famed Academy of Athens (q.v.) in 529 by Justinian I (q.v.), as well as the Slavic migrations into Greece, accelerated Athen's decline. Nevertheless, it remained in Byzantine hands until the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade (q.v.), when it was incorporated into the duchy ofAthens and Thebes under Othon de la Roche (qq.v.). In the early 14th century it was taken over by the Catalan Grand Company (q.v.), after which it was ruled successively by Florentines, Venetians, and Byzantines from 1446-1456, when it fell to the Ottomans (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ATHENS — ATHENS, city in Greece. In ancient Jewish history, Athens occupied a position of secondary importance, especially when compared to Alexandria, Antioch, Rome, even Cyrene, and other known cities in Asia Minor. Nevertheless, it must be noted that… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Athens — Athens, AL U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 18967 Housing Units (2000): 8449 Land area (2000): 39.326930 sq. miles (101.856278 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.092666 sq. miles (0.240005 sq. km) Total area (2000): 39.419596 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Athens — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den USA: Athens (Alabama) Athens (Arkansas) Athens (Georgia) Athens (Illinois) Athens (Louisiana) Athens (Maine) Athens (Michigan) Athens (Mississippi) Athens (New York) Athens (Ohio) Athens (Pennsylvania) Athens… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Athens, GA — Athens Clarke County, GA U.S. unknown location type in Georgia Population (2000): 100266 Housing Units (2000): 41633 Land area (2000): 117.752363 sq. miles (304.977206 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.481410 sq. miles (1.246845 sq. km) Total area… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Athens, AL — U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 18967 Housing Units (2000): 8449 Land area (2000): 39.326930 sq. miles (101.856278 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.092666 sq. miles (0.240005 sq. km) Total area (2000): 39.419596 sq. miles (102.096283 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Athens, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1726 Housing Units (2000): 740 Land area (2000): 1.468399 sq. miles (3.803136 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.468399 sq. miles (3.803136 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Athens, LA — U.S. village in Louisiana Population (2000): 262 Housing Units (2000): 137 Land area (2000): 2.198019 sq. miles (5.692844 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.198019 sq. miles (5.692844 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Athens, MI — U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 1111 Housing Units (2000): 424 Land area (2000): 0.995822 sq. miles (2.579168 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.995822 sq. miles (2.579168 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Athens, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1695 Housing Units (2000): 793 Land area (2000): 3.370015 sq. miles (8.728299 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.231061 sq. miles (3.188432 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.601076 sq. miles (11.916731 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Athens, OH — U.S. city in Ohio Population (2000): 21342 Housing Units (2000): 6715 Land area (2000): 8.335299 sq. miles (21.588324 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.335299 sq. miles (21.588324 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Athens, PA — U.S. borough in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 3415 Housing Units (2000): 1500 Land area (2000): 1.764975 sq. miles (4.571264 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.063560 sq. miles (0.164620 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.828535 sq. miles (4.735884 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.